It is widely acknowledged that most accidents on construction projects can be prevented with better management of design and occupational safety and health (OSH) risks at the pre-construction phase. To this end Council Directive 1992/57/EEC on the implementation of minimum safety and health requirements at temporary or mobile construction sites (TMCS) and the transpositional law in the UK – the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 (CDM 2015), have sought to focus attention on the management of such risks by requiring the appointment of a coordinator (referred to in CDM 2015 as Principal Designer) to coordinate safety and health risk management. Current statistics clearly suggest however that pre-construction occupational safety and health (POSH) risk is not being managed effectively. It is to contribute to addressing this problem of the construction industry that this research grant has been secured from the European Union, under its Horizon 2020 research programme, to conduct a research into Pre-Construction Occupational Safety and Health risk management. Dubbed Pre-COSH, this project aims to develop a flexible model for effective CDM 2015 compliance during the pre-construction phase of construction projects.
The project will contribute to both theory and practice of OSH risks management at the pre-construction phase of construction projects, and will deliver among other things:
- A taxonomy of the OSH skills, knowledge and experience (SKE) as well as measures for an individual and capability in the case of an organisation for the Principal Designer (PD) role in CDM 2015,
- Mechanisms and organisational structures for the effective performance of the PD role along the project supply chain,
- Case studies of OSH risk management at the pre-construction phases of projects to support training in the construction industry,
- An advanced pre-construction OSH risk management simulator (PRECOSIM).